# Predictions

The following is a partial list of the geometric consequences of quantum space theory (qst) that give rise to testable predictions:

- Although a superfluid vacuum is non-relativistic, it has been shown that
**small fluctuations in the superfluid background obey Lorentz symmetry**. This means that for low momenta conditions the theory expects to capture the expectations of general relativity. But**at high energy and high momenta conditions the theory projects Newtonian expectations over relativistic ones**. In other words, the theory predicts that as massive objects are accelerated towards the speed of light, they will exhibit properties/behaviors that align with general relativity at first, but will eventually trade those out for Newtonian behaviors as c is approached. - Vacuum quantization requires minimum and
**maximum****limit for spacetime curvature**–representing the minimum and maximum difference in density that can be supported between adjacent regions in the vacuum. The ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter can be used to represent these limits. In regions of minimum curvature (where the difference in density between adjacent regions is zero, corresponding to zero curvature) this ratio takes on the value of 3.141592653… or π. A quantized geometry requires that a maximum cut off for curvature also exists, which leads to an opposing value for this ratio. Work is currently underway to show that when quantization is defined on the Planck scale the most contrasting value for this ratio will be**0.085424543135(14),**a number we are representing with the Cyrillic letter ж (pronounced zhe). This number, along with π and the five Planck parameters of quantized spacetime (*l*_{P}, m_{P}, t_{P}, A_{P}, T_{P},π and*ж)*, qst predicts the values of**31 of the constants of Nature**with extreme precision. See the Constants of Nature page. - Temperature dependent
**phase changes**exist in the vacuums–regions where the average geometric connectivity of the quanta of space transition from one state to another. In this model, these phase transition boundaries mark the haloes of dark matter. The theory predicts that the average**radii**of these dark matter haloes**depend on the energy output**of the host galaxy. - qst predicts that, based on quantization, that the
**number of dimensions**in supersymmetric geometries are bounded by the following sequence:**f(n) = 3**^{n}, where n = a whole number. Supersymmetric geometries are therefore predicted to be available in (4, 11, 30, 85, 248, 735, 2194, 6569, 19692…) dimensions. As of 2008, 248 dimensions was the highest confirmed supersymmetric manifold.**+ n** - The geometry of a superfluid vacuum is rich enough to dynamically
**account for the effects**of**gravity**(density gradients),**electromagnetism**(the electric force is replaced by vacuum divergence and the magnetic force replaced by vacuum curl),**the weak force**(a consequence of vacuum mixing), and**the strong nuclear force**(encoding the tendency for vacuum vortices to combine in specific ways). A full mathematical formalism will determine whether or not that dynamical geometry precisely accounts for those effects. - Directly deriving the wave equation from the assumption that the vacuum is a superfluid reduces
**state reduction or wave collapse**to a strobe-light oversimplification of a richer complete dynamic. No collapse ever takes place. This advancement suggests that**determinism can be restored**into a compete formalism–melding Bohmian mechanics (which deterministically captures quantum mechanics) with general relativity (in a way that is reminiscent of quantum field theory). - The theory predicts that
**quantum tunneling**should be**less frequent**in regions of**greater curvature**(regions with a greater density of space quanta) because the sea of vacuum quanta is less likely to provide an available ‘tunnel’ for a particle to sail through when the density is greater. Therefore, the frequency of quantum tunneling in our universe should be**increasing with time**(it increases as the background temperature of space decreases). Since stellar processes depend upon quantum tunneling, it may be practical to test for changes in quantum tunneling within those stellar processes. - Another test for this picture will come from measurements of the internal temperature of space within spiral galaxies compared to the temperatures inside bar-shaped galaxies. We should find that over time
**spiral disk galaxies should collapse**into rotating bar-shaped galaxies**unless**they are**stabilized by a phase change**in spacetime itself, which would have the effect of appearing as an embedded spherical distribution of matter (a warp in spacetime) in the galaxy itself. This means that, on average, spiral galaxies that have collapsed, or are**collapsing**into,**bar-shaped galaxies should be warmer than stable spiraled disk galaxies of the same mass**. This increase in temperature would push the interior edge of the galaxy’s dark matter halo outward–beyond the reach of the spiraled arms–and would, therefore, allow the collapse to proceed toward bar-shape. Cooler galactic temperatures, on the other hand, will produce dark matter haloes that begin within reach of the spiraled arms and will, therefore, stabilize the spiraled disk shape. - The theory leads us to expect that the highest-energy gamma rays reaching us from extremely distant supernova, (the ones whose wavelengths approach the Planck length) should be less red-shifted in proportion to the difference in time between the arrival of the gamma rays and the remaining wavelengths divided by the travel time of the longer wavelengths.